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Telephone care was more effective than standard care for smoking cessation in daily smokers

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 Q In daily smokers, is telephone care more effective than standard care for smoking cessation?

Clinical impact ratings GP/FP/Primary care ★★★★★☆☆ Internal medicine ★★★★☆☆☆ Public health ★★★★★☆☆

METHODS

Embedded ImageDesign:

randomised controlled trial.

Embedded ImageAllocation:

unclear allocation concealment.*

Embedded ImageBlinding:

blinded (data collectors).*

Embedded ImageFollow up period:

12 months.

Embedded ImageSetting:

5 Veteran Affairs medical centres (VAMCs) in Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota, USA.

Embedded ImagePatients:

838 daily smokers (mean age 57 y, 90% men) who were willing to quit within 30 days. Participants who did not have a telephone number, had speech or hearing problems, were unwilling to receive telephone counselling, or were currently taking smoking cessation medications were excluded.

Embedded ImageIntervention:

telephone care (n = 418) or standard care (n = 420). Telephone care. Participants received ⩾7 calls over 2 months from trained counsellors who …

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