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Review: brief interventions including information sessions, motivational interviews, and cognitive behavioural therapy reduce excessive alcohol consumption in primary care

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In primary care patients, do brief interventions (BIs) reduce excessive alcohol consumption?

Kaner EF, Beyer F, Dickinson HO, et al. Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007;(2):CD004148.

Clinical impact ratings GP/FP/Primary care ★★★★★⋆⋆

METHODS

Embedded ImageData sources:

Medline (1966 to February 2006), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1980 to February 2006), Cochrane Drug and Alcohol Group specialised register (February 2006), Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group specialised register (2005), 5 other databases, hand searches of relevant journals, and bibliographies of relevant studies and reviews.

Embedded ImageStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or cluster RCTs comparing BIs (1–4 sessions [5–50 min] of information, cognitive behavioural therapy, motivational interviews, or self-completed action plans) with extended psychological interventions …

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