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Review: people with epilepsy have higher risk of death by drowning than the general population

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L Sander

Prof L Sander, University College London Institute of Neurology, London, UK; lsander@ion.ucl.ac.uk

QUESTION

In people with epilepsy, what is the risk of death by drowning?

REVIEW SCOPE

Included studies reported number of deaths by drowning or provided all causes of death in people with epilepsy, and information to estimate person-years at risk. Studies focusing exclusively on rare syndromes {including West syndrome and severe idiopathic generalised epilepsy of infancy}* or on people presenting with status epilepticus alone, or that recorded no deaths were excluded. Outcome was death by drowning.

REVIEW METHODS

Medline, 7 specialist journals, and reference lists were searched for cohort studies. 51 cohort studies (n = 32 765, based on 50 studies) with 206 596 …

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