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D P Tashkin
Dr D P Tashkin, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; firstname.lastname@example.org
randomised placebo-controlled trial (Understanding Potential Long-Term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium [UPLIFT]). ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00144339.
blinded (clinicians, patients, data collectors, and outcome adjudication committee).*
490 centres in 37 countries worldwide.
5993 patients ⩾40 years of age (mean age 65 y, 75% men) who had COPD, a history of ⩾10 pack-years of smoking, and postbronchodilation FEV1 ⩽70% of predicted and ⩽70% of FVC. Exclusion criteria included a history of asthma …
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