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Review: exercise programmes prevent falls in elderly people

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QUESTIONS

Do exercise programmes prevent falls in elderly people? What are the most important components of effective exercise interventions?

REVIEW SCOPE

Included studies evaluated exercise interventions for falls prevention in elderly people. Studies in which the control group received exercise or the intervention group received additional non-exercise interventions for >25% of the time were excluded. Outcome was the pooled incidence rate ratio (IRR), which allows for multiple falls per person.

REVIEW METHODS

Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, SafetyLit, Prevention of Falls Network Europe, and the Cochrane Bone, Joint, and Muscle Trauma Group’s trial register (May 2007); and references were searched for published randomised controlled trials (RCTs). 44 RCTs (49 comparisons, …

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