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The reduction of HIV-1 transmission remains one of the highest global health priorities. The use of established antiretroviral drugs for preventing HIV-1 transmission was first considered in 1994, after an observational clinical study showed reduced HIV-1 infection rates in partners of HIV-1 infected persons treated with zidovudine monotherapy.1 In 2007, the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) initiated a randomised-controlled clinical trial (HPTN 052) in which the effect of antiretroviral combination therapy on heterosexual transmission of HIV-1 was evaluated; the results have recently been reported.
HPTN 052 is a phase III, randomised-controlled clinical trial designed to determine if early initiation of antiretroviral therapy could reduce transmission of HIV-1 in …
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