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Cohort study
Artificial and sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with increased incidence of hypertension
  1. Emily Sonestedt
  1. Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmo, Sweden
  1. Correspondence to : Dr Emily Sonestedt
    Lund University, CRC 60:13, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Malmö 20502, Sweden; Emily.Sonestedt{at}med.lu.se

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Context

Hypertension is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, rates of hypertension among the adult population in the USA increased from 24% in 1988–1994 to 29% in 2007 to 2008.1 Several lifestyle factors that could influence blood pressure have been suggested. The consumption of soft drinks has increased dramatically during the last centuries. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) have been related to several diseases, particularly obesity and diabetes. However, the evidence of an association between SSB and hypertension is limited.

Methods

Cohen and colleagues use data from three US-based prospective cohort studies: Nurses’ Health Study I, Nurses’ Health Study II and the Health Professionals’ …

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