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With a lifetime prevalence of 6–11%, depression is a common comorbidity in surgical patients. Owing to their high efficacy and safety, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressants.1 Some studies suggest that SSRIs may increase surgical bleeding. However, SSRI discontinuation may exacerbate psychiatric illness or precipitate withdrawal symptoms. Therefore, controversy exists over their perioperative management.
Auerbach and colleagues used administrative data from 530 416 patients in 375 US hospitals to determine the association between SSRI use and adverse surgical outcomes. They applied sensitivity analyses and propensity matching to control for the presence of …
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