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Additional articles abstracted in ACP Journal Club

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The following articles are abstracted in the November/December 2000 issue of ACP Journal Club. The declarative title of each abstract as published in ACP Journal Club precedes the article citation.

Therapeutics

Losartan did not improve survival more than did captopril but was better tolerated in symptomatic heart failure

Low dose amiodarone was better than sotalol or propafenone for preventing first recurrence of atrial fibrillation

Physiological and ventricular pacing had similar rates of combined stroke and cardiovascular mortality

More patients with acute ischaemic stroke who received ancrod had good functional status at 3 months

Invasive diagnosis for ventilator associated pneumonia reduced 14 day mortality and antibiotic use

Rifampin and pyrazinamide for 2 months prevented TB in patients with HIV infection who had a positive tuberculin test result

Review: antimycobacterial therapy does not increase the rate of maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease

Review: intravascular catheter related infections can be prevented by using simple procedures

CT scanning before fibreoptic bronchoscopy improved the accuracy of bronchoscopy in suspected endobronchial carcinoma

Review: oral but not inhaled corticosteroids improve radiographic outcomes in patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis

Metformin plus rosiglitazone had more effective glycaemic control than metformin alone in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Prognosis

Review: hyperglycaemia after myocardial infarction increases the risk of death in patients with and without diabetes mellitus

Aetiology

Review: high volume hospitals have lower hospital mortality rates than did low volume hospitals for various procedures

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