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Evid Based Med 9:49 doi:10.1136/ebm.9.2.49
  • Therapeutics

Cognitive stimulation therapy improved cognition and quality of life in dementia


 
 Q In people with dementia, does cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) improve cognition and quality of life?

Clinical impact ratings Mental health ★★★★★★☆ Geriatrics ★★★★★☆☆

METHODS

GraphicDesign:

randomised controlled trial.*

GraphicAllocation:

concealed.*

GraphicBlinding:

blinded (outcome assessors).

GraphicFollow up period:

7 weeks.

GraphicSetting:

23 day centres and residential homes (with ⩾15 people in each) in the UK.

GraphicPatients:

201 people (mean age 85 y, 79% women) who met DSM-IV criteria for dementia, scored 10–24 on the Mini-Mental State Examination, were able to communicate, had sufficient vision and hearing to participate and use material in a group, and did not have major physical illness or disability.

GraphicInterventions:

CST (n = 115): fourteen …