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Review: metformin used alone or combined with clomifene may improve ovulation rates in the polycystic ovary syndrome

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 Q In women with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), what is the effectiveness of insulin sensitising drugs?

GP/FP/Primary care ★★★★★☆☆ Gynaecology ★★★★★★☆ Endocrine ★★★★★☆☆

METHODS

Embedded ImageData sources:

the Cochrane Menstrual Disorders and Subfertility Group trials register (December 2002), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library, Issue 4, 2002), Medline (1966 to December 2002), and EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1985 to December 2002); bibliographies of relevant studies; and pharmaceutical companies.

Embedded ImageStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared insulin sensitising drugs with placebo, no treatment, or an ovulation inducting agent in women with PCOS based on biochemical or ultrasonographic evidence. Studies were assessed for allocation concealment, blinding, loss to follow up, non-compliance, and intention to treat analysis.

Embedded ImageOutcomes:

clinical (including live birth rate, clinical pregnancy rate, spontaneous ovulation, menstrual cyclicity, and adverse …

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