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Additional articles abstracted in ACP Journal Club

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The following articles are abstracted in the Jul/Aug 2004 issue of ACP Journal Club. The declarative title of each abstract as published in ACP Journal Club precedes the article citation.

THERAPEUTICS

▸ Review: Antibiotic prophylaxis of pancreatic necrosis in acute pancreatitis reduces mortality and sepsis

▸ Review: Etanercept (25 mg subcutaneously twice weekly) reduces symptoms and disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis

▸ Review: Transfer for primary angioplasty is better than immediate thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction

▸ Review: Pneumococcal vaccination does not prevent pneumonia or death in adults

▸ Review: Interventions targeting intrinsic and environmental risk factors reduce falls in older persons

▸ Review: Tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants are moderately effective for reducing chronic low back pain

▸ Pravastatin reduced major coronary heart disease (CHD) events in patients with abnormal fasting glucose and a history of CHD

▸ Enhanced depression care improved arthritis pain and function in older patients

▸ Doxazosin plus finasteride reduced clinical progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia more than either drug used alone

▸ Levofloxacin-based triple regimens were better than standard quadruple regimens for second-line eradication of Helicobacter pylori

▸ Valsartan plus captopril did not improve survival more than captopril alone after myocardial infarction

▸ Early insertion of a pulmonary artery catheter did not increase mortality in shock or the acute respiratory distress syndrome

▸ Homocysteine-lowering therapy did not prevent stroke recurrence

▸ Vasopressin was not better than epinephrine for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

▸ A disease management program reduced hospital readmission days after myocardial infarction

DIAGNOSIS

▸ Review: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography is accurate for diagnosing biliary disease

▸ The Canadian C-Spine Rule more accurately identified cervical-spine injury in trauma than the NEXUS Low-Risk Criteria

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