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Randomised controlled trial
Dietary component of lifestyle interventions helps obese pregnant women
  1. Julie A Quinlivan1,2
  1. 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Notre Dame Australia, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia
  2. 2Women's and Children's Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia
  1. Correspondence to: Professor Julie A Quinlivan
    Joondalup Health Campus, Suite 106 Private Consulting Rooms, Joondalup, Western Australia 6027, Australia; quinlivanj{at}ramsayhealth.com.au

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Approximately 30% of pregnant women in developed countries are overweight or obese.1 Maternal obesity is a major risk factor for maternal and fetal complications, including maternal and fetal mortality, miscarriage, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders, infection, thromboembolic disease, induction of labour, macrosomia, caesarean section and stillbirth.2

In 2009, the Institute of Medicine revised its recommendations for weight gain in pregnancy advising that overweight and obese women should restrict gestational weight gain to 15–25 lb (6.8–11.3 kg) and …

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