Increased incidence of cardiovascular disease: are low-carbohydrate–high-protein diets truly to blame?
- 1Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, UK
- 2Department of National Defence, Directorate of Force Health Protection, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
- Correspondence to: Dr Catherine Rolland
Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, Robert Gordon University, St. Andrew Street, Aberdeen AB25 1HG, UK
Low-carbohydrate—high-protein diets have become popular in developed countries as an aid to weight loss. However, uncertainties about their effectiveness in weight loss and concerns about long-term adverse impacts on cardiovascular health remain. Several systematic reviews1 ,2 have concluded that, with the increasing prevalence of obesity, there is a need for long-term evidence/studies of low-carbohydrate diets. The authors investigate the long-term consequences of low-carbohydrate diets (LCHD) on cardiovascular health in a female Swedish population.
Women aged 30–49 recruited from the Swedish Women's Lifestyle and Health cohort were followed for a mean of 15.7 years. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess lifestyle, physical activity …