N-3 fatty acids did not reduce major cardiovascular events in patients with dysglycaemia
- Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands
- Correspondence to: Daan Kromhout
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Biotechnion, Bomenweg 2, 6703 HD Wageningen, The Netherlands;
Commentary on Bosch J, Gerstein HC, Dagenais GR, et al. ORIGIN Trial Investigators. n-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with dysglycemia. N Engl J Med 2012;367:309–18
N-3 fatty acids have beneficial effects on elevated triglyceride levels, impaired endothelial function, inflammation, atherosclerotic plaque and severe arrhythmias. Prospective cohort studies have shown a lower risk of cardiovascular events among persons who consumed fish regularly. These studies were followed by clinical trials evaluating the effects of supplements with the fish fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in patients with a history of cardiovascular disease. The ORIGIN trial was the first large trial testing the hypothesis that long-term supplementation with n-3 fatty acids reduces cardiovascular events in dysglycaemic patients.
Patients with type 2 diabetes, impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance were recruited from September 2003 through December 2005. A total of 12 536 patients (mean age: 64 years, …