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Systematic review and meta-analysis
Behavioural interventions targeting physical activity to increase activity and improve glucose control in adults with type 2 diabetes
  1. Ronald Plotnikoff
  1. Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
  1. Correspondence to : Professor Ronald Plotnikoff
    Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, ATC Level 3, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia; Ron.Plotnikoff{at}newcastle.edu.au

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Context

It is estimated that over 220 million people worldwide have diabetes.1 Aerobic and resistance-based physical activity (PA) are key components for management of type 2 diabetes (T2D),2 ,3 yet most individuals with this disease remain insufficiently active to achieve health benefits. Theoretically based, behavioural change strategies for the promotion of PA in this population have become an important clinical and public health focus in tackling the diabetes epidemic.

Methods

Avery and colleagues conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to examine (1) the effect on behavioural interventions (in comparison to usual care) on free-living PA (regular movement such as …

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