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The following articles are abstracted in the September/October 2005 issue of ACP Journal Club. The declarative title of each abstract as published in ACP Journal Club precedes the article citation.


▸ Review: Endovascular treatment and carotid endarterectomy do not differ for carotid stenosis

▸ Review: Low-dose dopamine does not reduce mortality or need for renal replacement therapy

▸ Review: 7-day proton-pump inhibitor-based triple therapy is as effective as > 7 days of the same regimen for healing Helicobacter pylori-associated peptic ulcer

▸ Review: Early supported discharge reduces death or dependence after stroke

▸ Review: Mixed signals from trials concerning pharmacological prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus

▸ Review: Good evidence supports polyethylene glycol and tegaserod for constipation

▸ Cardiac resynchronization reduced death and hospitalization in heart failure and cardiac dyssynchrony

▸ Protein energy supplementation of normal hospital diet did not improve outcomes after recent stroke

▸ Timing and route of enteral tube feeding did not reduce death or poor outcome in stroke and dysphagia

▸ Atorvastatin at 80 mg/d reduced major cardiovascular events more than atorvastatin at 10 mg/d in stable coronary heart disease

▸ Intensive insulin-glucose infusion regimens with long-term or standard glucose control did not differ for reducing mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus and MI

▸ Streptokinase did not reduce mortality or need for surgical drainage in pleural infection

▸ Recombinant activated factor VII given within 4 hours of intracerebral hemorrhage reduced hematoma growth

▸ Alendronate reduced clinical and radiographic vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteopenia

▸ Amlodipine or lisinopril was not better than chlorthalidone in reducing renal outcomes in hypertension and impaired renal function

▸ Folate plus vitamin B12 reduced hip fractures in patients with poststroke hemiplegia


▸ Review: Helical CT has better discriminatory power than ventilation-perfusion scan to exclude pulmonary embolism