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Q In children having venipuncture at the antecubital fossa, what is the optimal configuration of a single use, needle free, drug system (ALGRX 3268) that delivers powdered lidocaine into the epidermis for rapid production of local anaesthesia?
Clinical impact ratings Paediatrics ★★★★★★☆
randomised, placebo controlled trial.
blinded (patients, healthcare providers, data collectors, and outcome assessors).*
Follow up period:
pain was measured immediately after treatment with lidocaine or placebo and again after venipuncture.
a single centre (country not stated).
145 children 3–18 years of age (median age 10 y, 50% boys) having venipuncture at the antecubital fossa who had sufficient cognitive skills to identify faces representing the extremes of pain. Exclusion criteria included a history of allergic reactions to local anaesthetic, active …