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The Bug Buster kit was better than single dose pediculicides for head lice

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 Q In children with head lice, is the Bug Buster kit more effective than over the counter pediculicides?

Clinical impact ratings GP/FP/Primary care ★★★★★★☆ Paediatrics ★★★★★☆☆ Public health ★★★★★★☆


Embedded ImageDesign:

randomised controlled trial.

Embedded ImageAllocation:


Embedded ImageBlinding:

blinded (outcome assessors).*

Embedded ImageFollow up period:

15 days for the Bug Buster kit and 5 days for pediculicides.

Embedded ImageSetting:

general practices in 4 counties in England and 1 county in Scotland, UK.

Embedded ImagePatients:

133 children 2–15 years of age (1 child from each family) who had a live head louse, had received no treatment for head lice in the previous 3 weeks, and their parents or guardians agreed not to use other head lice treatments during the trial and agreed that the immediate family would be examined and treated if necessary with …

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  • * See glossary.

  • For correspondence: Dr N Hill, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK. nigel.hill{at}

  • Source of funding: Big Lottery Fund (formerly the National Lottery Charities Board).

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