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Aerobic plus resistance training was more effective than either alone in type 2 diabetes
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R J Sigal

Dr R J Sigal, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; rsigal@ucalgary.ca

STUDY DESIGN

Design:

randomised controlled trial (Diabetes Aerobic and Resistance Exercise [DARE] trial].

Allocation:

concealed.*

Blinding:

blinded ({data collectors}† and outcome assessors).*

STUDY QUESTION

Setting:

8 community-based exercise facilities in the Ottawa-Gatineau region, Canada.

Participants:

251 participants 39–70 years of age (mean age 54 y, 64% men) who had type 2 diabetes for >6 months, had baseline HbA1c levels of 6.6–9.9%, were previously inactive, and attended 10–12 exercise sessions in a 4-week run-in phase. Exclusion criteria included insulin therapy; ⩾20 min/session of exercise ⩾2 times/week or resistance training in the past 6 months; changes in antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, or oral hypoglycaemic medication; ⩾5% change in body weight in the past 2 months; proteinuria >1 g/day; serum …

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