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Dr L Kuhn, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA; email@example.com
randomised controlled trial.
2 antenatal clinics in Lusaka, Zambia.
958 women (mean age 26 y) who had HIV, were enrolled during pregnancy and planned to breast feed, accepted treatment with nevirapine, and were still breast feeding 1 month after birth. Exclusion criteria were severe pregnancy complications, past caesarean delivery, or hospital admission for HIV-related conditions.
counselling intervention (n = 481), which encouraged women to breast feed exclusively for 4 months and then cease breast feeding abruptly, or standard care (n = 477), where women were encouraged to breast feed exclusively for 6 months, and then continue as long as they wished, with gradual …
Source of funding: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Agency for International Development; Stephen Lewis Foundation.