Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Review: interpersonal psychotherapy is slightly better and supportive therapy is worse than other therapies for depression

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


What is the effectiveness of different types of psychological therapy in adults with depression?


Included studies were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that directly compared different types of psychological therapies in adults with a depressive disorder or increased depressive symptoms. Only psychological therapies that had been evaluated in ⩾5 RCTs were included. Outcomes were depression symptom scores.


PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (all to May 2007); 22 meta-analyses; and reference lists were searched for RCTs. 53 RCTs were included. 7 types of therapy were evaluated in ⩾5 RCTs: cognitive–behavioural therapy (CBT, 38 RCTs, 56 comparisons), non-directive supportive therapy (21 RCTs, 31 comparisons), behavioural activation therapy (15 RCTs, 21 …

View Full Text


  • Source of funding: no external funding.