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Review: back exercise interventions prevent self-reported episodes of back problems in adults but ergonomic education does not

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Which interventions prevent back problems in adults?


Included studies evaluated any intervention for preventing episodes of back problems (back symptoms or limited activity because of back pain or sciatica) in people 18–65 years of age. Studies that reported changes in anatomy or physiology or knowledge outcomes, or evaluated patient treatment to reduce disability were excluded. Outcomes included self-reported back problems.


Medline and EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (to May 2007), Cochrane Back Review Group Specialised Trial Registry (to Aug 2008), and reference lists were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or other controlled trials (OCTs). 17 high-quality RCTs and 3 OCTs met the selection criteria. Meta-analysis …

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  • Source of funding: Orthopedic Research and Educational Foundation.