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Is surgery effective for low back pain, radiculopathy, and symptomatic spinal stenosis?
Included studies evaluated surgery as treatment for non-radicular low back pain with common degenerative changes, radiculopathy with herniated lumbar disc, or symptomatic spinal stenosis in patients >18 years of age who had low back pain. Studies reported ⩾1 of the following outcomes: back-specific function, general health status, pain, …
Source of funding: American Pain Society.