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Review: evidence for the effectiveness of surgery for low back pain, radiculopathy, and spinal stenosis is limited

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Is surgery effective for low back pain, radiculopathy, and symptomatic spinal stenosis?

Review scope

Included studies evaluated surgery as treatment for non-radicular low back pain with common degenerative changes, radiculopathy with herniated lumbar disc, or symptomatic spinal stenosis in patients >18 years of age who had low back pain. Studies reported ⩾1 of the following outcomes: back-specific function, general health status, pain, …

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  • Source of funding: American Pain Society.