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Stanford GEMS randomised controlled trial
A programme of culturally tailored dance plus an intervention to reduce screen media use does not reduce BMI over 2 years compared with health education in preadolescent low-income African American girls but does reduce depressive symptoms and lipid levels
  1. Marilyn S Nanney
  1. Department of Family Medicine & Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
  1. Correspondence to Marilyn S Nanney
    Department of Family Medicine & Community Health, Program in Health Disparities Research, University of Minnesota, 717 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55414, USA; msnanney{at}

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The aim of the Stanford Girls' health Enrichment Multisite Study (Stanford GEMS) was to reduce weight gain in low-income African American preadolescent girls. The importance of this targeted research is highlighted by recent evidence that severe obesity has increased among Black and American Indian girls while staying the same or decreasing for others.1


Stanford GEMS is a 2-year randomised controlled trial of culturally tailored dance and reducing screen time in after-school community and home settings. Recruitment occurred predominately in African American neighbourhood schools, community centres and churches in Oakland, California, USA. Eligibility criteria included African American or Black child between 8 and 10 years old, a body mass index (BMI) at or higher than the 25th …

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  • Competing interests None.