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Cohort study
Positive parenting in adolescence is associated with well-(adaptive-) functioning adult offspring
  1. Luna C Muñoz
  1. Department of Psychology, University of Durham, Durham, UK
  1. Correspondence to Luna C Muñoz
    Department of Psychology, University of Durham, South Road, Mountjoy Site, Durham DH1 3LE, UK; luna.munoz{at}

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Commentary on: OpenUrlPubMed


Parenting behaviours clearly have an effect on children but how they impact adult behaviour has received less attention. Johnson et al aimed to determine the association between parenting behaviours and the coping skills, interpersonal skills and personality traits of children that persist into adulthood. They examined this issue by conducting longitudinal research with mothers and children. Prior meta-analyses show positive parenting programmes work for improving children's behaviours.1 This study provides additional evidence of a long-term effect.


Mothers and offspring of the 669 families who participated reported on positive parenting (eg, affection, praise and communication) and child behaviours when the offspring were around 16 years of age. At follow-up, adaptive functioning (eg, optimism, insight/warmth, productivity and being assertive or expressing oneself skilfully) and …

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  • Competing interests None.