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Randomised controlled trial
Preterm infants receiving heel lance procedures have slightly lower pain scores and quicker time to return to baseline heart rate when held in kangaroo care by the mother than by the father
  1. Vibhuti Shah,
  2. Ann Jefferies
  1. Department of Paediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Vibhuti Shah
    Rm 775A, Department of Paediatrics Mount Sinai Hospital 600 University Avenue Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada vshah{at}

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Kangaroo care (KC) is the practice of skin-to-skin contact between a parent and their infant. Although initially introduced for low-birthweight infants in Columbia because of scarce resources and high-neonatal morbidity,1 KC has been widely adopted in both underdeveloped and developed countries. Benefits include reduction in mortality, infection and hospital length of stay and improved breastfeeding and maternal–infant bonding.2 ,3 KC has also been shown to reduce procedural pain,4 but studies have focused on maternal rather than paternal KC. As fathers are increasingly actively participating in their infant's care, including provision of KC, it is important to determine whether paternal KC has the same effect on neonatal pain. …

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  • Competing interests None.