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Higher breastfeeding intensity associated with improved postpartum glucose metabolism in women with recent gestational diabetes
  1. Carla A Borgoño,
  2. Ravi Retnakaran
  1. Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Ravi Retnakaran
    Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital, 60 Murray Street, Suite-L5-039, Mail Box 21, Toronto, ON M5T 3L9, Canada; rretnakaran{at}

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WHO recommends that all babies should be exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months after birth.1 In the general population, breastfeeding has been associated with short-term improvement in postpartum maternal glucose metabolism and long-term reduction in risk of cardiometabolic disease including type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and myocardial infarction.2 ,3 Women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), defined as glucose intolerance of varying severity with onset and first recognition in pregnancy, have an increased lifetime risk of developing both T2DM and cardiovascular disease.4 However, the relationship between breastfeeding and maternal glucose metabolism has not been clearly established in this …

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  • Competing interests None.