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Cohort study
Long-term coffee consumption associated with reduced risk of total and cause-specific mortality
  1. Esther Lopez-Garcia
  1. Department of Preventive Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  1. Correspondence to: Dr Esther Lopez-Garcia Department of Preventive Medicine, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Avda Arzobispo Morcillo 2, Madrid 28029, Spain; esther.lopez{at}

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The effect of coffee consumption on health is being re-examined based on new evidence suggesting a beneficial effect of components in coffee other than caffeine,1–3 an effect that may be seen in the long term after the acute harmful effects of caffeine have disappeared. Supporting this idea, several recent well-designed cohort studies have found an inverse association between long-term coffee consumption and the risk of all-cause mortality in different populations.4–6 On the contrary, because coffee consumption can acutely increase the risk of several health problems …

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  • Competing interests None.