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Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is increasing in both inpatients and outpatients. CDI accounted for approximately 336 600 inpatient hospitalisations in the USA in 2009.1 Recurrent CDI (RCDI) occurs in 15–30% of patients after the initial infection and in 40–65% with subsequent infections.1 Guidelines recommend that for mild disease, a first recurrence can be treated with the same initial antibiotic regimen; however, severe recurrent disease should be treated with vancomycin.2 Stool transplant or faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been recommended in a recent gastrointestinal (GI) guideline for RCDI.3
This was the first open-label non-blinded …
Competing interests FAF has received research funding from Optimer Pharmaceuticals. He has been on advisory boards for Abbvie, Jansen, Prometheus, Salix, UCB and has been a consultant for Santarus.