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Randomised controlled trial
Presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation is beneficial to family members in the out-of-hospital setting
  1. Scott Compton1,
  2. Rosemarie Fernandez2
  1. 1 Department of Education, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore;
  2. 2 Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
  1. Correspondence to : Dr Scott Compton, Department of Education, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, 8 College Road, Singapore, 169857; scott.compton{at}

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Inviting family members to be present during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is increasingly common; however, it is still a controversial practice and has not been widely adopted in the USA. While a number of studies suggest that family members are amenable to this practice, robust, scientifically rigorous evidence demonstrating the psychological impact of witnessing a family member's resuscitation is lacking.


A total of 570 first-degree, adult family members of adult patients undergoing CPR in the home setting were included in this cluster-randomised controlled trial that was conducted in France. Family members in the intervention group were given the option of being present during …

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  • Competing interests None.