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Systematic review and meta-analysis
Intermittent pneumatic compression is effective in reducing venous thromboembolism risk in hospitalised patients
  1. Luigi Pascarella
  1. University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, USA
  1. Correspondence to : Luigi Pascarella, MD, Assistant Professor of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 1525 JCP, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA; luigi-pascarella{at}

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The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in 1–2 patients/1000/year. A total of 60–100 000 patients in the USA die of DVT or PE annually, with 10–30% expiring within 1 month of diagnosis. Recurrence rates of DVT/PE are as high as 33% within 10 years.1

Increased incidence of DVT and PE has been reported among hospitalised and critically ill patients. DVT risk in this subset can be as high as 81% without thromboprophylaxis and 44% with thromboprophylaxis, while 12% progress to PE in spite of …

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  • Competing interests None.