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Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a potentially life-threatening condition for which surgical treatment yields excellent patient outcomes.1 However, the aetiology of IHPS remains elusive. Prior studies have implicated early neonatal exposure to erythromycin as a strong risk factor for IHPS, but it is less clear whether maternal use in late pregnancy or while breastfeeding also poses a risk.2 Perinatal exposure to macrolide antibiotics is not uncommon. About 1% of pregnant women report use in the third trimester, and while no macrolides are licensed by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in infants less …
Competing interests None.
Disclaimer The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.