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Colonic diverticular bleeding (CDB) accounts for approximately 40% of all cases of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Most cases of CDB resolve without surgery, although the rebleeding rate is high even when therapeutic procedures, including endoscopy and angiography, are successful. This leads to frequent examinations, hospitalisation and blood transfusion and a decrease in the quality of life. It has been reported that transanal administration of a high-dose barium enema provides better clinical outcomes for initial haemostasis and the long-term prevention of rebleeding than conservative therapy. However, no controlled study concerning this procedure has been conducted. The present randomised controlled trial investigated the efficacy of barium impaction …
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.