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Systematic review with meta analysis
Routine iron supplementation for non-anaemic pregnant women in developed countries needs evaluation
  1. Zulfiqar A Bhutta
  1. SickKids Centre for Global Child Health, Toronto, Canada
  1. Correspondence to : Dr Zulfiqar A Bhutta, SickKids Centre for Global Child Health, 686 Bay Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G A04; zulfiqar.bhutta{at}

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The role of appropriate nutrition and micronutrient intake in pregnancy is well established and 19.2% of pregnant women globally are estimated to have iron deficiency anaemia (IDA).1 The corresponding estimates for the Americas and Caribbean are 15.2% (11.7–18.6%) and for Europe 16.2% (12.6–19.7%). Anaemia in pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse outcomes for the mother and baby. Iron (and folic acid) supplements during pregnancy in women at risk of IDA are an important recommendation by the WHO.2 However, it is unclear if women should receive targeted supplementation (after screening …

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  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.