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Cardiovascular procedures are common in the older population.1 There is suspicion that these procedures may have a negative outcome on cognition.2 However, further research has indicated that there may have been pre-existing cognitive deficits as cognitive impairment is common in the older population.3 This systematic review examines the evidence of the relationship of coronary and carotid revascularisation, cardiac valve replacement and repair and ablation for atrial fibrillation on intermediate-term and long-term cognitive outcomes in adults 65 years or above, including the effects of procedure related stroke or transient ischaemic attack.
This was a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective cohort studies of adults aged 65 years …
Contributors LC contributed substantially to conception and interpretation of data; drafted the article and revised it critically for important intellectual content; gave final approval of the version to be published.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.