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In stable COPD, long-acting muscarinic antagonist plus long-acting beta-agonists resulted in less exacerbations, pneumonia and larger improvement in FEV 1 than long-acting beta-agonists plus inhaled corticosteroids

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  • Competing interests MC and PR are consultants and/or members of the Speaker Bureau at AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Chiesi Farmaceutici and Novartis.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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