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Emergency care
Intention of German non-medical staff in preclinical emergency and rescue medicine to graduate from an academic programme in emergency paramedics: a structural equation analysis based on the theory of planned behaviour of Icek Ajzen
  1. Sebastian Koch1,2,
  2. Stefan Riedel2,
  3. Gero Langer1
  1. 1 Medizinische Fakultät, Institut für Gesundheits- und Pflegewissenschaft, Martin-Luther-Universitat Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany
  2. 2 SRH Hochschule für Gesundheit GmbH, Studiengang Medizinpädagogik, Gera, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Sebastian Koch, SRH Hochschule für Gesundheit Studiengang Medizinpädagogik, Gera 07548, Germany; sebastian.koch{at}


According to the theory of planned behaviour, a real behaviour that a person thinks about is best predicted by a certain intention (behavioural intention). Until now there is little known about the intention of German non-medical staff in preclinical emergency and rescue medicine to study emergency paramedics. For the verification of the data of 1.585 non-medical staff in preclinical emergency and rescue medicine from all 16 federal states of Germany collected by questionnaires, a linear structural equation model (SEM) was presented by means of inference statistical quality criteria (fit model) and evaluated by IBM SPSS Amos Grad Pack V.24.0. A complete causal model (SEM) with four measurement models (four-factor solution) could be created by using a path diagram. The measurement models of the present SEM should be investigated in further studies (Quality: root mean square error of approximation 0.121 and χ2/df 24.273). The results obtained in this study confirm positive intention of non-medical staff in preclinical emergency and rescue medicine to graduate from an undergraduate degree course in emergency paramedics. Personal behaviour as well as management should be critically debated, as far as an intention to study to become an emergency paramedic is concerned.

  • emergency care

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  • Contributors The present study was done as a part of a PhD project at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg by SK.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests The authors have specified any conflict of interest to be involved.

  • Ethics approval The study protocol was submitted to the Ethics Committee of the Medical Faculty of the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg and positively assessed (processing No. 2017-16).

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.