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306 Preliminary health outcomes of caregivers of individuals with chronic diseases following a group educational intervention
  1. Yolanda Álvarez-Pérez1,2,3,
  2. María Paula Martín-Andrade4,
  3. Andrea Duarte-Díaz1,2,3,
  4. Dolores María Ruano-López4,
  5. Raquel Del Rosario Medina-ponce4,
  6. Beatriz Candela-Angulo4,
  7. Vanesa Ramos-García1,2,3,
  8. Ana Barreno-Estévez4,
  9. Lilisbeth Perestelo-Pérez2,3,5
  1. 1Canary Islands Health Research Institute Foundation (FIISC), Tenerife, Spain
  2. 2The Spanish Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment and Services of the National Health System (RedETS), Tenerife, Spain
  3. 3Network for Research on Chronicity, Primary Care, and Health Promotion (RICAPPS), Tenerife, Spain
  4. 4Canary Islands Health Service (SCS), Gran Canaria, Spain
  5. 5Evaluation Unit (SESCS), Canary Islands Health Service (SCS), Tenerife, Spain

Abstract

Introduction The rise in life expectancy correlates with increased chronic diseases, intensifying the complexity of caregiving for chronic patients. This often imposes a substantial burden on caregivers, elevating the risk of role fatigue. This study aims to assess the impact of a group educational intervention targeted at caregivers of patients with chronic conditions, focusing on their perception of burden, mental health, quality of life, and health literacy.

Methods Non-randomized controlled study with an experimental group receiving both in-person and online group 15 workshops, and a control group (no intervention). The workshops targeted caregivers of dependent and/or multimorbid patients, assessing caregiver burden (Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale), mental health (Goldberg Anxiety and Depression Scale), quality of life (EQ-5D-5L), family caregivers’ quality of life (ICUB97-R scale), and a health literacy questionnaire. Analysis involved pre- and post- workshop assessments, evaluating both effectiveness and acceptability.

Results Thirty-seven participants (mean age 55.2 years) were included. About 37.8% had caregiving experience over 10 years and the majority were caring for patients over 81 years old (43.24%). Workshop attendance was primarily in-person (81%). Preliminary results showed significant differences in favor of the experimental group in health literacy knowledge (p = 0.03) and significant improvements were observed in the impact of care (ICUB97-R, repercussion subscale) (p = 0.02). All participants rated the workshops positively, with 86% considering the duration appropriate.

Discussion The study highlights the challenges for caregivers amid rising life expectancy and chronic diseases. Positive preliminary outcomes suggest potential relief for caregiver burden, emphasizing the importance of tailored interventions. Analysis for long-term effects is essential.

Conclusion Group workshops for caregivers of dependent and/or multimorbid patients play a crucial role by providing a supportive and shared learning environment. They facilitate the experiences of insights to improve caregivers’ quality of life.

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