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Carapeti EA, Kamm MA, McDonald PJ, et al. Randomised controlled trial shows that glyceryl trinitrate heals anal fissures, higher doses are not more effective, and there is a high recurrence rate. Gut. 1999 May; 44:727-30.
In patients with chronic anal fissure, does a higher dose of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) prompt a faster or higher healing rate than the usual dose?
10-week randomised (concealed), blinded (clinician and patient), placebo-controlled trial.
Surgical outpatient clinics in Harrow, England, UK.
70 patients who had anal fissure for 3 months with clinical features of chronicity (fibrosis of the base of the ulcer or sentinel pile). Exclusion criteria were fissures caused by Crohn disease or HIV, receipt of nitrate treatment for ischaemic heart disease, history of migraine, or pregnancy. 68 patients (97%) (median age 36 y, 51% men) completed the study.
Patients were allocated to GTN ointment, 0.2% (usual dose) (n = 23); an escalating dose of GTN starting at 0.2% with weekly increments of 0.1% to a maximum of 0.6% (n = 23); or placebo (n = 22). The ointment was applied manually to the skin of the anal verge 3 times daily for 8 weeks.
Main outcome measures
Healing rate, pain, headache, and fissure recurrence. …