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QUESTION: In patients with ingrown toenails, how do various methods of surgical treatment compare with each other and with chemical treatments?
Studies were identified by searching the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Medline, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, and CINAHL; schools of podiatry and manufacturers of cryotherapy, radiowave, and electrosurgical equipment were contacted; and reference lists of relevant studies were reviewed.
Studies were selected if they were randomised or quasi-randomised trials that compared 1 form of surgery with another or with other treatments that aimed to permanently remove all or part of an ingrown toenail and had ≥6 months of follow-up.
Data were extracted on study quality (allocation concealment, intention-to-treat analysis, baseline comparability, and follow-up). Outcomes considered …