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  1. Mike Crilly, Mb, ChB, MPH
  1. Tanglewood, Ormskirk, UK

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    A typically busy morning surgery* draws to an end with several important clinical questions being raised. Many of these go unanswered under the pressures of a full waiting room and too little time, but the problems presented by 3 patients merit further reflection at the end of the day. All 3 patients had problems commonly seen in primary care, and I might have done a better job for them if I were a better informed physician. These cases included

    • A 37 year old businessman who wants effective treatment for his neck that remains stiff and sore 3 months after a minor car accident

    • A 15 year old boy with fatigue and a recent diagnosis of glandular fever (infectious mononucleosis) who wonders if he will be well enough for a skiing holiday in 4 weeks

    • A 45 year old woman who wonders if her facial pain might be sinusitis.

    Can a web based resource quickly provide reliable evidence for these patients? This review considers Bandolier, a monthly newsletter of secondary publication. It is available free on the internet (, and a paper version can be purchased (free to National Health Service [NHS] staff in the UK). The web site provides succinct “bullets” of evidence (hence Bandolier) to support evidence-based health care—with clinical ammunition stockpiled for the past 6 years. The contents are downloadable as portable document files (PDFs).

    Bandolier's orderly home page offers access to 36 topic areas (eg, asthma; ear, nose, and throat [ENT]; and pain). The intended audience seems to be general practitioners, and many of the topics are relevant to primary care. An efficient search engine provides an alternate route to the “bullets” of evidence. The contents include access by date of issue of the original newsletters. The site also includes ImpAct, a bimonthly publication that reports on the implementation of research evidence from the NHS, and there are several links to other important evidence-based healthcare sites.

    The criteria for selecting and appraising evidence for Bandolier are not explicitly stated. Topics seem to be selected on the basis of the recent medical literature and on questions from clinicians. The concise summaries are clearly written and suggest a careful appraisal of the evidence.

    Bandolier's extensive pain section contained no information about the treatment of neck pain, and its search engine did not locate any information on the prognosis of glandular fever. This information is available from such other web based resources as Medline through PubMed1 and the Cochrane Library.2

    Evidence about the diagnosis of sinusitis for my patient with facial pain was rapidly retrievable from the ENT section of Bandolier (and also by the search engine) (fig 1). The Bandolier article on diagnosing acute sinusitis is a succinct summary of a prospective study with sufficient detail to indicate that the key elements for a valid evaluation of a diagnostic test were addressed.3 Only 4 features (pus in nasal cavity, purulent rhinorrhea, “double-sickening” [defined as the presence of 2 phases of the illness history], and an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of >10 mm/h) were associated with acute sinusitis. A helpful nomogram clearly showed how I could apply the findings to my patient in primary care.

    Bandolier is a user friendly and useful evidence-based web resource. It is quick and easy to use and merits bookmarking alongside such other web resources as PubMed and the Cochrane Library.

    Ratings for this resource

    Quality of information: ★★★☆☆

    Clinical usefulness: ★★☆☆☆


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    • * Primary medical care clinics in the United Kingdom are quaintly called “surgeries,” although we don't usually cut the patients open.