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Orlistat with diet was effective and safe for weight loss and coronary risk reduction in obesity
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 QUESTION: What is the effectiveness of orlistat for weight loss and coronary artery disease risk factor reduction in people who are obese and have ≥1 coronary risk factor?

Design

Randomised (unclear allocation concealment*), blinded (patients, outcome assessors),* placebo controlled trial with 1 year follow up.

Setting

33 primary care centres in Sweden.

Patients

376 patients between 18 and 75 years of age (mean age 53 y, 64% women) who had a body mass index between 28 and 38 kg/m2. Patients had to have ≥1 of the following: fasting serum glucose concentration ≥6.7 mmol/l or type-2 diabetes mellitus treated with sulfonylurea or metformin (not insulin); cholesterol concentration ≥6.5 mmol/l or low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentration ≥4.2 mmol/l on ≥2 occasions, or lipid lowering medication; or diastolic blood pressure concentration ≥90 mm Hg on ≥2 …

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