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QUESTIONS: Is the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT) a reliable and valid screening test for mild dementia in older adults? How does it compare with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)?
Blinded comparison of HVLT and MMSE results with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) diagnoses of dementia (the diagnostic standard).
The Geriatric Psychiatry Service of the Royal Brisbane Hospital and District Health Service, Australia.
56 patients (mean age 75 y, 63% women, mean education 8.5 y) participated. Exclusion criteria were age <65 years, hearing impairment, aphasia, MMSE score <18, insufficient ability to speak English, or inability to consent.
Description of tests and diagnostic standard
3 experienced registered nurses blinded to patients' diagnostic status administered the HVLT and the MMSE. The maximum HVLT total score was 36 and for the …