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QUESTION: In patients with arthritis, do rofecoxib or celecoxib increase the risk for cardiovascular events?
Studies were identified by searching Medline (1998 to February 2001) and the internet. The Adverse Events Reporting System was searched for US events on October 12, 2000.
English language studies were selected if they were randomised, double blind, controlled trials reporting the cardiovascular effects of celecoxib or rofecoxib.
Data were extracted on study methods, patient characteristics, drug regimens, aspirin use, and cardiovascular events.
4 studies met the selection criteria. The Vioxx Gastrointestinal Outcomes Research study compared rofecoxib 50 mg/day, with naproxen 1000 mg/day, in 8076 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Aspirin use was not permitted. Patients in the rofecoxib group had an increased risk for …