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Telephone-based peer support increased the duration of breast feeding in primiparous mothers

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 QUESTION: Do primiparous, breastfeeding mothers who receive telephone-based peer support continue breast feeding for a longer duration than women who receive conventional care?


Randomised (allocation concealed*), blinded (outcome assessors),* controlled trial with follow up at 4, 8, and 12 weeks postpartum.


2 semi-urban community hospitals near Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


258 in-hospital, primiparous, breastfeeding women who were ≥16 years of age, were able to speak English, had a singleton birth at ≥37 weeks of gestation, and were accessible by a local telephone call. Exclusion criteria were factors that could seriously interfere with breast feeding (eg, serious maternal illness or infant congenital abnormality) or prenatal enrolment with the participating volunteer breast feeding organisation. 256 women (99%) completed the trial …

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  • Sources of funding: University of Toronto Faculty of Nursing; Maternal, Infant, and Reproductive Health Research Unit.

  • For correspondence: Dr C L Dennis, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. cindylee.dennis{at}

  • A modified version of this abstract also appears in Evidence-Based Nursing.

  • * See glossary.