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Involving patients with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidaemia in disease management improved outcomes
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 QUESTION: In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidaemia, does involvement in managing their disease improve outcomes?

Design

Randomised (unclear allocation concealment*), unblinded,* controlled trial with 4 years of follow up.

Setting

A hospital diabetes outpatient clinic in Israel.

Patients

141 patients who were 45–70 years age (mean age 57 y, 51% women) with type 2 diabetes, blood pressure >140 mm Hg systolic or >90 mm Hg diastolic, and hyperlipidaemia. Exclusion criteria included diabetes duration >10 years, body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m2, smoking, serum creatinine >176 μmol/l, albumin to creatinine ratio ≥200 mg/g, and history of vascular surgery. Follow up was 91%.

Intervention

Patients were allocated to the participation programme (PP) (n=71) or to standard consultation (SC) (n=70). Patients in the PP group attended a 1 hour teaching session and were given …

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