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Review: a short course of antibiotic treatment is as effective as a standard course in children with urinary tract infection

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 QUESTION: In children with urinary tract infection (UTI), what is the effectiveness of short course (2−4 d) compared with standard duration (7–14 d) of antibiotic treatment?

Data sources

Studies in all languages were identified by searching Medline (1966 to February 2001), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1988 to February 2001), the Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 2001), bibliographies of relevant studies and textbooks, and conference abstracts.

Study selection

Studies were selected if they were randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi RCTs, involved children aged 3 months to 18 years with culture proven symptomatic UTI, and compared a short course (2–4 d) with a standard duration (7–14 d) of antibiotic treatment. Only studies that used the same antibiotic in both the short and standard duration arms were …

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  • For correspondence: Dr E Hodson, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia. Elisah{at}

  • Source of funding: no external funding.