Article Text

Download PDFPDF
White matter changes, creatinine, age, and ankle arm index predicted incident MRI defined infarctions in older adults

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

 QUESTION: In older adults whose baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan showed no infarctions, what are predictors of infarctions defined by serial cranial MRI?


Cohort study with mean and median follow up of 5 years (range 3.2–7.5 y).


4 communities in North Carolina, California, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, USA.


1433 adults ≥65 years of age with no infarctions shown on baseline MRI scan who were able to give informed consent and to respond to questions without the aid of a surrogate respondent.

Assessment of risk factors

Baseline data on blood pressure, ankle arm index, cognitive function, activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental ADL, and depression were collected by questionnaires, physical examination, and laboratory tests.

Main outcome measure

Incident infarction defined by follow up serial cranial MRI scan, identified by neuroradiologists blinded to participants' clinical information.

Main results

On the follow up MRI scan, 254 participants (18%) had ≥1 …

View Full Text


  • Source of funding: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.

  • For correspondence: Dr W T Longstreth Jr, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA. wl{at}

  • Abstract and commentary also appear in ACP Journal Club