Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Review: electroconvulsive therapy reduces depressive symptoms

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Source of funding: UK Secretary of State for Health.

  • For correspondence: Professor J Geddes for the UK ECT Review Group, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. John.geddes{at}